Do you know that you can trade in stocks of as many as 6,30,300 companies which are listed on the 60 major stock exchanges of the world? Stock exchanges exist to assist with the issuing and trading of equities or stocks of publicly held companies, bonds, and other classes of securities. All these trades can be processed through the stock exchanges and in person as Over the Counter (OTC) trades.
The different name for the world stock market is commonly the equity market. It is one of the most effective elements of a free-market economy as it gives companies access to capital in exchange for giving investors a stake of ownership.
The growth of global stock markets outside of the US and Europe is a key condition that the number of public firms continues to grow. The U.S. still has the biggest exchange in the world, but there are many big exchanges in Asia also, which are growing in effect on the world stage. Some of the most prominent stock exchanges include:
1) New York Stock Exchange: - The NYSE is an integral part of NYSE EURONEXT. It has exchanges spread all over Europe and US. It approximates that its exchanges represent a third of all equities traded in the world. The NYSE regulates to be one of the primary exchanges in the world and the biggest in terms of the $29 trillion in stock market capitalization it represents.
The business has grown quickly competitive in recent years. In a current filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission, the company estimates that it must compete for the listings of cash equities and other derivatives.
2) Tokyo Stock Exchange: -The Tokyo Stock Exchange or TSE is the biggest exchange in Japan and second in the world behind the NYSE with more than $4 trillion in market capitalization. A strong national currency is part of the reason behind the growing size of the TSE. There are around 2000 companies which are listed on the TSE.
3) London Stock Exchange: - The London Stock Exchange is listed in the top five stock exchanges, with an estimated $4.59 trillion in stock market capitalization from the companies listed on its exchange. There are around 3,000 organizations from around the world that are listed and traded on the LSE and its affiliated exchanges.
4) Hong Kong Stock Exchange: - The Hong Kong stock exchange is the fourth biggest stock exchange. The firms that are considered on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange represent close to $3.9 trillion in total market capitalization. There are around 1500 firms, which are listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. Most essentially, the exchange represents one of the primary avenues for global investors to invest in China.
5) Shanghai Stock Exchange: - The shanghai stock exchange is one of the newest stock exchanges in the list. It was started in late 1991, and 1,500 companies trade on its exchange. Trading volume continues to grow but has fallen continuously since 2009, which marked a peak in terms of investment interest in China. The market cap of SSE is expected to be around $5 trillion.
Some of the other exchanges which deserve a mention include the US based NASDAQ, the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) based in India, Australian Stock Exchange and Sau Paulo Stock Exchange in Brazil. There are different forms of investment available, but many of those are somehow traded on the exchange.
The current global fall has slowed the progress of emerging markets, but they are needed to continue to benefits market share in the coming years as their economies grow graph and new firms go public and raise capital to serve a growing class of consumers, and continue to grow the worldwide network of exchanges.
Data is updated on 7th per month. It gets verified every quarter by independent auditor.
Data presented here is taken from company's inception
Importance given to satisfactory resolution as per prescribed TAT